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Pakistan Army’s New Doctrine • Green Book

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  • For decades, Pakistan has considered India a threat. Though analysts have for long been warning that the biggest threat to Pakistan lies within.
  • “No state can afford a parallel system or a militant force” and warned of a possible civil war, Chief of Army Staff Ashfaq Parvez Kayani stated.
  • Sub-conventional threat (threat internal) is a reality and is a part of a threat matrix faced by Pakistan.
  • The Pakistan Army has identified internal threats as the biggest danger to the nation, rather than India.
  • The Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan and other terrorists groups had been identified as the biggest threat to Pakistan’s national security in 2011.
Pakistan imposed ban on Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan
Pakistan imposed ban on Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan


  • A new chapter titled ‘Sub-conventional Warfare’ has been added to the Army Doctrine, also called the ‘Green Book’.
  • This chapter on sub-conventional warfare focuses on recalibrating strategies to address the need of the day viz. tackling terrorists who have increasingly displayed their ability to strike at will, including at military facilities.
  • Pakistan’s armed forces were trained for conventional warfare but the current security situation necessitated the change. Forces fighting on the front line in the tribal regions are now being trained according to the requirements of sub-conventional warfare.


  • Details about this as interpreted by analysts are indicative of the military preparing the ground for launching an offensive, though officially the Army maintains that it is for the political leadership to formulate a response and build a national consensus.
  • Since it is no secret that the political leadership has little say over national security, this stance of the Army has drawn criticism and is viewed by several analysts as “passing the buck” so that the politicians take the blame for any backlash.
  • This is a paradigm shift that the Pakistan Army has identified internal threats as the biggest danger to the nation.



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