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BrahMos Missile • Features & Significance

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brahmos missile
Brahmos Missile


  • Supersonic cruise missile BrahMos scored once again in its 34th launch on Wednesday off Visakhapatnam, hitting a decommissioned vessel with accuracy.
  • As it took off vertically from a naval warship, reached an altitude of 14 km, levelled out and started cruising at three times the speed of sound, it performed “a double manoeuvre in S-form” and hit the decommissioned ship, about 290 km away.
  • The missile, which carries only conventional warheads, was inducted into the Navy in 2005 in the Rajput-class guided missile destroyers and in other warships.
  • Two regiments of the Army have BrahMos. Plans are on to conduct flight trials from aircraft and submarines.

About BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile

  • BrahMos missile is jointly developed by India and Russia, is an anti-ship missile.
  • It can hit targets both in sea and on land.
  • BrahMos is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its first stage which brings it to supersonic speed and then gets separated & then liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise phase.
  • The missile has flight range of up to 290-km with supersonic speed all through the flight.
  • It cannot be intercepted by any known weapon system in the world.
  • It operates on ‘Fire and Forget Principle’, adopting varieties of flights on its way to the target.
  • Its destructive power is enhanced due to large kinetic energy on impact. Its cruising altitude could be up to 15 km and terminal altitude is as low as 10 meters.
  • It carries a conventional warhead weighing 200 to 300 kgs.
  • Once information about the target is received, it is transmitted to the missile’s computer and the fire control system provides it with the most optimal trajectory. The missile travels in the designated path, which is constantly updated by the satellite navigation system.
  • The missile has identical configuration for land, sea and sub-sea platforms and uses a Transport Launch Canister (TLC) for transportation, storage and launch.

Special Features of BrahMos Missile

  • The BrahMos missile has a fast reaction time — it can be launched within a few minutes.
  • BrahMos missile can be launched from ships, submarines, fixed and mobile launchers on silos in land and aircraft.
  • “Fire and Forget” principle of operation.
  • High supersonic speed all through the flight.
  • Long flight range with varieties of flight trajectories.
  • Low radar signature.
  • Pin point accuracy with high lethal power aided by large kinetic energy on impact.

Present Status of the BrahMos Missile

  • BrahMos missile is the first supersonic cruise missile known to be in service.
  • Induction of the first version of BrahMos Weapon Complex in the Indian Navy commenced from 2005 with INS Rajput as the first ship.
  • All future ships being built and ships coming for mid-life upgradation will be fitted with the BrahMos missile.
  • The Indian Army has also received the first regiment of BrahMos missile with the formation of N816 missile regiments and commencement of deliveries from 2007.

BrahMos Missile (In Service)

  • Ship based Weapon Complex (Inclined & Vertical Configuration)
  • Land based Weapon Complex ( Vertical Launch Configuration from Mobile Autonomous Launcher)

BrahMos Missile (In Progress)

  • Air launch version
  • Submarine launch version

PS: BrahMos missile is written this way as it draws its name from Brahmputra river of India and the Moscova river of Russia. BrahMos is a joint project between the Government of India and the Government of Russia.


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