About Meerut Scissors
- The first pair was made 360 years ago by Asli Akhun.
- The tool is a pair of scissors made of metal scrap by a community in Meerut.
- The community is “the only scissor cluster in India” and which has been making the product for more than three centuries.
- The Meerut scissors are made of carbon steel blades sourced from scrap metal found in cars, buses, trucks and railways.
- The handles are made of plastic, aluminium or alloys, which are sourced from old utensils. All the parts are pre-used.
- At present, the size varies, from six inches to 14 inches, and the scissors are sold at a price ranging from Rs.20 to Rs.500.
- Known for their sharpness, the scissors are used at home and by industrial garment manufacturers.
- Meerut has 250 small-scale scissors-making units, employing 70,000 people directly and indirectly. Both the Central and Uttar Pradesh governments have helped the industry.
- While men make scissors, women do the tasks that require handwork and pack the products.
- They are sent only to the domestic markets, but the makers find it tough to meet the demand at home.
Meerut Scissors now a registered GI
- For the first time, a handmade tool from micro and small and medium enterprises in India has been registered for a Geographical Indicator (GI) tag.
- The GI tag will make a difference as now no one else will be able to copy our scissors or misuse the made-in-Meerut tag.
- The tag would enable the crafters to make scissors of standard sizes and of high quality.
About India’s Geographical Indicator (GI) tag
India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act, 1999 which came into force with effect from 15th September 2003 for the registration and protection of special goods of different geographical locations in India.
- Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property which refer to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product.
- GI tag is an indication that authenticates the origin of a product to a particular region of India.
- The product needs to have a special characteristic related to the geographical climate or unique production technique that makes it distinct and provides it a differentiated identity among rest of them.
- This registration not only provides lawful security but also curbs illegal use of GI registered.
- The registration is valid for 10 years after which the producers can again apply for registration. If it is not re-registered after every 10 years, it is removed from the list.
- Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.
- Under Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of IPR’s (Intellectual Property Rights).
- They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, which was part of the Agreements concluding the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.
- The Controller of Patents and Trademarks is the governing body to register Geographical Indications which is located in Chennai.
- Patents belong to individuals, the GI is a collective right of the community protected either by their group or state, helping art and artisans to survive.
- Till 26th July 2012, a total of 178 products have been registered under the GI Act with the 178th being Berhampur Patta (Phoda Kumbha) Saree & Joda, a handicraft from Odisha.